A High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT)
(HIIT)-Based Running Plan Improves Athletic Performance by Improving Muscle Power
Interesting article on Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research
García-Pinillos, F, Cámara-Pérez, JC, Soto-Hermoso, VM, and Latorre-Román, PÁ.
A High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT)-based running plan improves athletic performance by improving muscle power.
J Strength Cond Res 31(1): 146–153, 2017—
This study aimed to examine the effect of a 5-week high-intensity intermittent training (HIIT)-based running plan on athletic performance and to compare the physiological and neuromuscular responses during a sprint-distance triathlon before and after the HIIT period. Thirteen triathletes were matched into 2 groups: the experimental group (EG) and the control group (CG).
The CG was asked to maintain their normal training routines, whereas the EG maintained only their swimming and cycling routines and modified their running routine.
Participants completed a sprint-distance triathlon before (pretest) and after (posttest) the intervention period. In both pretest and posttest, the participants performed 4 jumping tests: before the race (baseline), postswim, postcycling, and postrun. Additionally, heart rate was monitored (HRmean), whereas rate of perceived exertion (RPE) and blood lactate accumulation (BLa) were registered after the race.
No significant differences (p ≥ 0.05) between groups were found before HIIT intervention (at pretest). Significant group-by-training interactions were found in vertical jumping ability and athletic performance: the EG improved jumping performance (∼6–9%, p ≤ 0.05, effect size (ES) > 0.7), swimming performance (p = 0.013, ES = 0.438), and running time (p = 0.001, ES = 0.667) during the competition, whereas the CG remained unchanged (p ≥ 0.05, ES < 0.4). No changes (p ≥ 0.05, ES < 0.4) were observed in RPE, HRmean, and BLa.
A linear regression analysis showed that ΔCMJ predicted both the ΔRu_time (R2 = 0.559; p = 0.008) and the ΔOverall_time (R2 = 0.391; p = 0.048). This low-volume, HIIT-based running plan combined with the high training volumes of these triathletes in swimming and cycling improved athletic performance during a sprint-distance triathlon. This improvement may be due to improved neuromuscular characteristics that were transferred into improved muscle power and work economy.
I’m wondering if reducing the running volume is also giving longer recovery times from running, which is the hardest on your body of the three disciplines, is also contributing to the gains seen in the study. HIIT is also believed to build muscle, whereas endurance running sees a decrease in muscle density.
It would be interesting to see if we can see similar results with cycling and swimming.
One of the things I’m introducing to my training this year is high intensity multi bricks. ~10 minutes cycling on rollers, immediately followed by intermittent running and sprints (repeat….)